Cookies consist of portions of code (computer files or partial data) sent by a server to the user’s Internet browser, from that browser they are automatically stored on the user’s computer and automatically sent back to the server at any instance or subsequent access to the site. Usually a cookie contains the name of the website from when the cookie comes, the life span of the cookie (i.e. how long it will remain on user’s device) and a value, which generally is a randomly generated unique number. At every subsequent visit cookies are sent back to the website that originated them (first party cookies) or to another site that recognize them (third party cookies). Cookies are useful because they allow a website to recognize the user’s device. They perform different functions like, for example, allow the user to navigate between pages efficiently, remember preferences and, generally, improve users’ navigation experience. They can also help that the advertising content the user sees online is more relevant to him/her and his/her interests.
If the user decides to disable cookies, this could affect and/or limit the user navigation experience on Sites, for example, he/she may not be able to visit some given website sections or may not receive personalized information when he/she visits the Sites.
The operating procedures, as well as the options to limit or block cookies, can be adjusted by changing the settings of the internet browser of the user. The majority of internet browsers are initially set to automatically accept cookies, but the user can change these settings in order to block the cookies or to be informed whenever the cookies are sent to his/her device. Cookies can be managed in different ways. To this end, reference should be made to the help screen of your browser to verify how to adjust or change its settings. In fact, the user is enabled to change the default settings and disable cookies (i.e. block them permanently), by setting the highest level of protection.
Here below is the path to follow to manage cookies from the following browsers:
Internet Explorer: http://windows.microsoft.com/it-it/windows7/block-enable-or-allow-cookies
If the user uses different devices to view and access the Sites (for example, computer, smartphone, tablet, etc.), he/she should ensure that every browser on each device is set according to his/her cookie preferences. To delete cookies from the Internet browser of your smartphone/tablet, you need to refer to the user manual of the device.
Here below is an explanatory list.
“Technical” cookies are essential for the proper functioning of the site and allow users to navigate the site and to exploit its characteristics (for example, they allow to store previous actions or to save user’s session and/or to perform other activities strictly necessary for the functioning of the site).
This category includes also “analytical” cookies that help to understand how users interact with the site, providing information on the last visited page, the number of sections and pages visited, the time spent on the site and every matter emerged during the navigation, like, for example, an error message, and they help to understand each problem the user has when he/she visits the site. This information can be coupled with user details such as IP address, domain or browser; however, this information is analyzed together with other users’ information so that a specific user is not identified against the other. These cookies are collected and aggregated anonymously and allow the website operator to improve the site usability.
Finally, “functionality” cookies allow the site to remember user’s choices (for example, the user name) to provide him/her with a more customized and optimized navigation. Functional cookies are not essential to the functioning of the Sites, but they rather improve the quality and the experience of navigation. If you don’t accept these cookies, site yield and features may be reduced and the access to the content of the site may be limited.
“Targeting” or “profiling” cookies are used to present contents best suited to the users and his/her interests. They can be used to display targeted advertising, to publish advertisements tailored to user’s interests or to limit the number of times an advertisement is displayed. In addition, they help measure the effectiveness of the advertising campaigns on the site; the website operator may use these cookies to remember the sites that the user visited and to share this information with third parties, including agencies and advertisers that may use their cookies to collect information on the activities of the users on the site.
“Sharing” cookies (social networking) are needed to allow the user to interact with the Sites through his/her social account and they serve, for example, to express appreciation and to share it with his/her social contacts.
The site uses or can use, also in combination between them: - “session” cookies that are stored on the on user’s computer for mere technical and functional requirements, for the transmission of session identifiers required to enable a safe and efficient site browsing; they are deleted at the end of the “session” (hence the name) when the browser is closed; - “persistent” cookies that are stored on the computer hard disk until they expire or are deleted by users. Through persistent cookies the users who access the sites (or other users who use the same computer) are automatically recognized at each visit.
Third party cookies
When a user uses the site, some cookies that are not controlled by the website operator may be stored. This happens, for example, if the user visits a page that contains content of a third-party website. As a result, the users will receive cookies from these third-party services. For what concerns third-party cookies, the website operator does not have the control of the information provided by the cookie and does not have access to these data. This information is totally controlled by third-party companies as described in their privacy policies.
The table below lists the third-party cookies present on this site. The latter fall under the direct and exclusive responsibility of the third-party operator and they are divided into the following macro-categories:
– Analytics: cookies used to collect and analyze statistical information on accesses/visits to the website. In some cases, when they are combined with other information, such as the credentials entered to have access to reserved areas (user’s email address and password), they can be used to profile the user (personal habits, websites visited, downloaded content, types of interaction performed, etc.).
– Widgets: this category includes all those graphical components of a user interface of a program, which aims to facilitate the user interaction with the program (for example Facebook, Google+ and Twitter cookies are widgets).
– Advertising: cookies used to provide advertising services within a site belong to this category.
If the user does not want to receive third-party cookies on his/her device, he/she can, by means of the following links, access to third-party disclosures and consent forms and exclude the receipt.
These cookies are not directly controlled by the Sites, therefore, to withdraw the consent the user should refer to the third-party websites or refer to the website http://www.youronlinechoices.com/it/ to get information on how to delete or manage the cookies according to the browser used and to manage preferences about third-party profiling cookies.